Injustice In Criminal Justice

Wednesday, December 1, 2021 1:34:28 PM

Injustice In Criminal Justice



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We need to talk about an injustice - Bryan Stevenson

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To date, only 35 of these officers have been convicted of a crime, often a lesser offense such as manslaughter or negligent homicide, rather than murder. Only three officers have been convicted of murder during this period and seen their convictions stand. Another 22 officers were acquitted in a jury trial and nine were acquitted during a bench trial decided by a judge. Currently, there are 21 non-federal law enforcement officers with pending criminal cases for fatal shootings.

Public Perception of Police Brutality and Racial Bias in the Criminal Justice System There is an obvious disparity in how the general public view fatal encounters between police and Black people. Despite the fact that more white people have been killed by police, Black and Hispanic people are disproportionately impacted. Black people make up This does not take into consideration other forms of police brutality, including non-lethal shootings. Source: Statista claims were filed during the fiscal year against the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Office related to police misconduct.

Two-hundred and forty-one lawsuits were dismissed without any payments. LAPD has approximately 9, sworn officers. The Effects of Police Brutality on Mental Health Police killings of unarmed Black Americans are responsible for more than 50 million additional days of poor mental health per year among Black Americans. This mental health burden is comparable to that associated with diabetes, a disease that strikes 1 in 5 Black Americans. Fatal police violence is the 6th leading cause of death for men ages 25 to 29 across all racial groups. The lifetime risk of dying from police violence is at its highest from ages 20 to 35, and this applies to men and women of all races.

On average, Black Americans are exposed to four police killings of other unarmed Black Americans in the same state each year. The Cost of Police Brutality While many police brutality and fatal police shootings are not prosecuted in criminal court, victims and the families of victims have been able to pursue civil judgments, which cost millions of taxpayers dollars each year. New York City has the largest police force with 36, members serving 8.

Criminal Justice System: The Courts The primary purpose of the court system is to try each case presented, render a verdict, and determine sentencing. Individual rights are protected by the Constitution in the court of law, such as follows; The right to face your accuser The right to not incriminate oneself The right to counsel The right to a jury trial The jury must be a fair cross-section of the community, which in most cases should not lead to a jury composed of a single race or gender.

Batson v. Kentucky, U. A Batson challenge is a challenge made by one party in a case to the other party's use of peremptory challenges to eliminate potential jurors from the jury on the basis of sex, race, ethnicity, or religion. A trial usually begins with jury selection. One out of every three Black boys born today can expect to be sentenced to prison, compared 1 out 6 Latino boys; one out of 17 white boys. Sentencing reform addresses the inequities in sentencing as a result of the court's due process. For example, Delaware lawmakers enacted Senate Bill 47, a measure that removes geographic-based sentencing enhancements — "drug-free" school zones — that disproportionately impact those living in urban areas and are known to exacerbate racially disparate sentencing outcomes.

In recent years, New Jersey, Indiana, and Utah adopted legislation to scale back drug zone sentencing enhancements. California lawmakers passed Senate Bill to repeal the one-year sentence enhancement for each prior prison or county jail felony term. The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation estimated that 10, persons currently incarcerated were serving a sentence that included a one-year enhancement.

In the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, about 17 million white people and 4 million African Americans reported having used an illicit drug within the last month. African Americans and whites use drugs at similar rates, but the imprisonment rate of African Americans for drug charges is almost 6 times that of whites. Criminal Justice System: Corrections The correctional branch of the criminal justice system involves a network of agencies that administer prisons and programs like parole and probation boards in a given jurisdiction. There are 3 million people in jail and prison today, far outpacing population growth and crime.

Between and , the number of people incarcerated increased from roughly , to 2. In , African Americans constituted 2. African Americans are incarcerated at more than 5 times the rate of whites. The imprisonment rate for African American women is 2x that of white women. That equates to one out of every 37 adults in the United States. Prisons are overpopulated. Effects of Incarceration The 13th amendment protects against cruel and unusual punishment, yet most of our prisons are at max capacity and have inhumane conditions, exploitation of labor, and absence of proper measures in place to respond adequately during states of emergency and national pandemics. Inmates are five times more likely to be infected by HIV than the general population.

Many of the formerly incarcerated also suffer from a loss of their rights as a result of their records: In 34 states, people who are on parole or probation cannot vote. In 12 states, a felony conviction means never voting again. In addition, prior incarceration can affect one's ability to secure certain federal benefits or get a job. The effects of incarceration are felt by the families and communities of those individuals: More than one out of every six black men who today should be between 25 and 54 years old have disappeared from daily life. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Garland directed the FBI and U. These sessions will open dedicated lines of communication for threat reporting, assessment and response by law enforcement. Attorneys, the FBI, the Community Relations Service and the Office of Justice Programs, to determine how federal enforcement tools can be used to prosecute these crimes, and ways to assist state, Tribal, territorial and local law enforcement where threats of violence may not constitute federal crimes.

The Justice Department will also create specialized training and guidance for local school boards and school administrators. This training will help school board members and other potential victims understand the type of behavior that constitutes threats, how to report threatening conduct to the appropriate law enforcement agencies, and how to capture and preserve evidence of threatening conduct to aid in the investigation and prosecution of these crimes. To ensure that threats are communicated to the appropriate authorities, NTOC will direct credible threats to FBI field offices, for coordination with the U.

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