The Matriarch Image Analysis

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The Matriarch Image Analysis

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This incarnation of the final boss was dubbed "Portal Kombat", which Swift describes as a "high intensity rocket battle". While it went over well with hardcore shooter fans, the people who liked the puzzle-focused gameplay were turned off by it. Wolpaw sharply criticized the pacing, which caused the players to wander around until they found the corridor, at which point a series of pistons would spring out of the walls. The developers came to the conclusion that complex battles would only serve to confuse players. One play tester helped them by pointing out the quality of the fire pit puzzle, a puzzle that has the player-character riding on a moving platform that is descending into flames, requiring players to find a way to survive. He stated that it was both dramatic and exciting, but also a difficult puzzle.

Wolpaw stated that this made no sense, commenting that it was one of the easiest puzzles in the game. He added that the battle was a dramatic high-point, since it was being the first time GLaDOS directly tries to kill the player-character and the first time that players have to use the environment to their advantage. After learning about what fellow Valve developers had planned for the final boss battle in Half-Life 2: Episode Two , the Portal developers decided to implement a neurotoxin that would kill the player-character in six minutes.

As a result, they scaled the game back, intending to ensure that everyone was able to see the game to the very end. Well done. Here come the test results: "You are a horrible person. However, the demand for all of these to be implemented into Portal 2 was great enough that they chose to do so. Originally, the character Cave Johnson was intended to be the antagonist instead and Portal 2 to be a prequel. They felt that she should "go someplace" and that since GLaDOS is "kind of likeable in the first game" and players "enjoy being with her", they would utilize Wheatley as an "other, external threat".

The developers considered having GLaDOS and Chell act as "buddy cops against a new threat", but felt that since Chell never talked, it would not work. They found that play testers were not interested in her when she was powerless and insulting players and would question why they were "carting this person along". In order to keep players from feeling that they should want to abandon GLaDOS in her powerless form to prevent her from becoming powerful again, the designers made sure to give players reason to bring her with them.

The co-operative campaign includes additional dialog from GLaDOS; the original dialog Wolpaw wrote for GLaDOS was aimed to two women, Chell and a new character "Mel", with the assumption of "image issues", but this dialog remains in place even after the change of the co-op characters to robots. Valve considered initially to have separate lines for GLaDOS that would be given to each player individually, but found this to be a significant effort for minimal benefit. The writers also attempted adding GLaDOS lines that would make the players attempt to compete against each other, such as the awarding of meaningless points, but playtesters did not respond well to these lines. The writers found they needed another character to play off of Cave during his recordings; instead of hiring a voice actor for a few lines, they economized by reusing McLain to play Caroline, Cave's assistant.

They felt however that this would "get old pretty quick" if they did not put her "into another space". They accomplished this through a combination of her anger with Wheatley and her conflict with her past life as Caroline. Through the course of the game's events, GLaDOS's personality shifts significantly; however, at the end, she resets her personality to her original personality, an action Wolpaw sums up as "explicitly reject[ing] it" and saying "You know what?

The designers also intended to make it vague whether or not GLaDOS was under the control of the machine that she was attached to. These games were all a part of an alternate reality, based on a cryptic narrative that suggested the awakening and relaunch of GLaDOS. Valve provided the developers access to their art assets to include Portal 2 -themed content into them, and in some cases, McLain recorded new dialog specifically for these games.

The alternate reality game ultimately led to "GLaDOS Home", a distributed computing spoof, which prompted players to play the independently developed games to awaken GLaDOS ahead of schedule, effectively promoting the Steam release of Portal 2 about 10 hours earlier than the official time. The song "Still Alive" has garnered significant attention from fans and critics alike. It was released as a part of The Orange Box Official Soundtrack and appeared in other video games, including the Rock Band series and Left 4 Dead 2 , the latter which was also released by Valve. Del Toro contacted Newell directly to secure McLain's voice, with his daughter's influence on the call helping to finalize the deal. Near the end of the game, GLaDOS confesses that it does not belong to the world of Death Stranding, and showed up there only to conduct experiments.

Paste Magazine's Jason Killingsworth listed GLaDOS as the sixth best new character of the decade; he wrote that she "may just be the most likable villain in video-game history" and that "we only killed her because we had to". Epic Games design director Cliff Bleszinski stated that he was motivated to complete test chambers in Portal. He also compared her to an ex-girlfriend who sent text messages that went from friendly, to aggressive, and finally to apologetic. They stated that she had the most defined personality in gaming, adding that she "redefined passive-aggressive". However, he added that it had an "air of epicness". They added that during the final encounter, her mood swings provided some of the most memorable dialogue in video game history.

GLaDOS is frequently cited as both a quality villain and a quality computer character. IGN called her the greatest video game villain of all time, stating that while their time with her was short, she left a mark on players like no other villain has. They cited her uniqueness as being because no other players existed in the game. They also added she was more human than most video game villains. He stated that not only is she the best insane computer in video games, but in films and books as well. He explains his choice by citing her eagerness to kill the player-character, but not being overt about it until the end. He also cites her feminine voice and passive-aggressive manner for his decision.

He adds that he can imagine it not being easy to be a super-intelligent computer trapped in a single building. Crave editor Rich Trenholm also regarded her highly, listing her as the fifth best evil computer. The review adds that while the game may be short, GLaDOS will "resonate with players long after players finish it". GLaDOS has received praise for her humor and wit. He described her as the "humorous, clinical, savage and poignant heart of Portal ". He states that she is the reason he keeps returning to play Portal , describing her as funny, unexpected, and beguiling. It had the best end credits song of all time. It was funny, smart, fresh and managed to feel like the plucky, accidental hero". He stated that "it literally pokes fun for not having parents", and stopped playing when he first heard the insult.

He added that "it throws the ultimate question that that child is ever going to have for you He also pointed out that "morons and the overweight are also mocked by robots" in Portal 2. GameSpot's Chris Watters wrote that GLaDOS was a "complex character who evolves throughout these early levels" and that "before all is said and done, you'll once again come to cherish your relationship with that cruel AI". He added that "GLaDOS' character progression is a joy to follow, as she progresses from bitter, to angry and eventually even finding a bit of heart". She is as vindictive and bitchy as ever, coating pure unadulterated hatred with a veneer of cool science" and that "for fans of GLaDOS, her return from her unfortunate death in the previous Portal is fabulous, and her literal transformation within the game will shock, wow, and humor even jaded gamers tired of cake quotes".

He compared her to Cave Johnson, who has a similar "comically sociopathic approach to science". Simmons' character surpasses the malevolent AI even though she's as amusing as ever". She added that "the prospect of being shut down causes them to act out in deadly ways". He suggested that the scientists either never read A Space Odyssey , or read it too much. They do, however, describe her breakdown as hysterical, desperate, and hilariously childish, calling it the most finely controlled breakdown since Patrick Bateman 's in the book American Psycho.

He commented that while shooting games in general feature enemies as bullet magnets, both Andrew Ryan and GLaDOS do not provide an opportunity for players to shoot them. However, he adds that both characters end up defeating themselves, but in different ways. He stated that she was "so entertaining", but also that he wanted to kill her. The book's author Tom Bissell stated that in addition to these similarities, both were well written, describing them as "funny, strange, cruel, and alive. In his analysis of Portal , Daniel Johnson points out that "the larger chunk of Portal ' s narrative exists in GLaDOS' dialogue", which tells "a metaphoric tale of a power struggle of identity roles within an institution".

He discusses how the "backstage" of the institution is hinted at and gradually revealed through GLaDOS's slip-ups, from the momentary glitch during her initial instructions to the player "the first flaw in the routine" to her ultimate abandonment of the formal language of the institution as she desperately pleads with the player to return to the testing area the "front stage", where the institution's inner workings are supposedly hidden from view.

His own interpretation is that GLaDOS is conflicted between her wants and needs, a conflict which ultimately "causes her to go crazy". Of his own reaction to that character development, he writes, "I wanted to hunt GLaDOS down, confront her for her lies, and break free of her clutches. I wanted this boss battle. I don't know if I ever have wanted a boss battle before. Video game developer Nathan Frost describes Portal as an "exploration of a relationship with someone with narcissistic personality disorder ". He adds that in order to fulfill her self-centered narcissistic desire to toy with someone, the player-character is trapped in the Enrichment Center, forced to do tricks for the computer.

However, once the player-character becomes skilled enough to break the confines of the center, GLaDOS's secure amusement gives way to "histrionic, bipolar deportment". He describes this as a parallel to how a real-life narcissist might attempt to secure the admiration of another person by empowering them in some ways, but limiting them in others. He adds that this works out well for the narcissist until the other person learns to think and act for themselves. He concludes by saying that a part of Portal ' s resonance comes from the fact that using the portal gun to escape the center is a "cogent metaphor for escaping an intimate relationship with someone diagnosably narcissistic". She called GLaDOS an "endlessly cheerful and clearly insane computer" and called her narrative "simple".

Scott Rogers, author of the book Level Up! He cites a scene in Portal where GLaDOS tells the player-character that the current puzzle is unsolvable, which turns out to be false. However, he comments that "it is still incredible to see the number of people who fail to read the situation, and proceed calmly to their death" in the incinerator when ordered to do so by GLaDOS; he uses this example to support an argument that the "unreliable narrator" narrative technique might not transfer readily to the gaming medium. In response to a quote by designer Erik Wolpaw that read "we wanted you to have this very intimate connection with this AI that changes and evolves over time, leading up to the point that you betray her and do the most intimate act you can do with someone—murdering them in cold blood", he at first noted that "on the face of it, this description of intimacy seems nonsensical", but also noted that "a changing and evolving relationship with someone in authority over you that eventually leads to betraying them by violating their rules—is one that is an altogether familiar one".

He used the parent-child relationship as an example of this and cited a metaphor by psychologist Sigmund Freud which Williams said was about "murdering a parent in an effort to describe how children eventually would attempt to get out from under the wing of their parents". He wrote "nothing can be as intimate, perhaps, as loving someone enough to follow their rules and then needing to "kill them" in order to escape that "game," which makes this game feel like something more like a really familiar relationship". He further discussed that he had no idea that Chell's name was Chell or that she was a female because he recognized the character as himself.

Oh, and then I really cared about her because she wanted to kill me ". Namely, he thought that it would "be a way of paralleling the mythos surrounding the origins of the Bush-Cheney White House as an opportunity for the Republicans to regain control of the White House through a less intellectually apt figurehead and to thus control their domain through this weaker authority figure"; however, as he progressed, he saw nothing more to suggest that this was the intent. He added that the thought of this concept helped make him realize how Portal 2 "presents a fundamental conundrum that does exist surrounding competency and power". In contrast to this, he wrote that "an extremely smart leader can be about the most oppressive force in an organization has already been provided in abundance for anyone who has played the first Portal" and that "GLaDOS's "leadership" is the very definition of sadistic fascism".

He wrote that this lack of choice "manages to effectively maintain its position on the relationship between the everyman and systems of power". Christopher Williams. He wrote that the relationship of Caroline and Johnson fulfilled the "adage that "behind every good man is a good woman", since he depends on Caroline to fulfill the role of executing his directives as well as providing comfort and support for the man in charge, himself". He added that "while Johnson warns his listeners jokingly that 'pretty as a postcard' Caroline is off limits because 'She's married.

To Science,' he may as well be simply warning off potential suitors for personal reasons" and wrote that "he is the "science" that she has married herself to". Christopher Williams wrote that the addition of an "intelligence dampening sphere" performed by scientists on GLaDOS before the events of Portal could represent the "response from men to what they perceive as the 'misbehavior' or 'irrational thinking' of women". He also wrote "the effort to 'dampen' intelligence becomes a rather literal manifestation of the labeling of women as 'dumb' or 'irrational' and the need to control such 'poor' behavior"; he also cited how Wheatley was given a masculine voice to "remind her that she is dumb and to curb her tendency towards 'misbehavior'".

He called her a "maternal female construct" and that while she was programmed to react "empathetically" to the player, she is incapable of feeling emotion. As a result, he felt that she "comes to represent man's attempt to construct an idealized mother figure through the cold logic of science". GameInformer ' s Lix Lanier stated that no villain, male or female, has the charm of GLaDOS: "If she's not trying to kill Chell, she's likely belittling her with passive-aggressive comments that would make a sorority girl proud.

Even with her robotic voice, it's clear that 'You look great by the way, very healthy' is no compliment. He added that "A female protagonist murdering a female villainess or vice versa is not what is interesting to us as critics, but it's the idea that despite her seemingly robotic, unemotional and unstoppable nature, GLaDOS appears vulnerable, sympathetic, and even a victim herself". He wrote "GLaDOS has been augmented because of the danger she presents to a presumably misogynistic society" and that "by destroying these cores, Chell is stripping her of the layers that society has deemed necessary for her to wear" and making her "far more dangerous".

He added that Chell and GLaDOS serve as opposing sides of femininity; where Chell is "dutiful and does every task assigned of her", GLaDOS is "aggressive and seemingly dangerous to the order of a male-dominated society". He also described Chell as a "domestic icon" while he described GLaDOS as a "progressive, intelligent working woman" and that by killing her, "Chell can be seen as the dutiful 'safe' woman conquering the 'dangerous' feminist".

He also cited the use of poems by Emily Dickinson , whom he compares to GLaDOS in how both were reclusive and were essentially disembodied voices. In discussing the lack of female heroes in video games, particularly in video games published by Activision , Gamasutra news director Leigh Alexander cited GLaDOS while arguing that the "females do not sell" notion is possibly false logic, stating that she was on the fast track to becoming one of gaming's most beloved characters.

They added that the relationship between GLaDOS and the player-character has been described as passive-aggressive, maternal, and a "feminist manifesto". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Artificially superintelligent computer system in the Portal series of video games. Erik Wolpaw Kim Swift. GLaDOS's voice is based on Ellen McLain mimicking the playback of her original lines through a digitization process, followed by further computer modulation.

See also: Potato Sack. GLaDOS chastises the player for their actions, only to become interrupted by a change in personality and voice. GLaDOS's voice is based on voice actor Ellen McLain mimicking the playback of her original lines through a digitization process followed by further computer modulation. The change from her robotic voice to her more human-sounding voice required different modifications to be made to her voice after recording.

Archived from the original on September 8, Retrieved July 5, Archived from the original on April 12, Retrieved January 16, Game Informer. Archived from the original on July 11, Retrieved January 31, Portal 2. GLaDOS : As part of a required test protocol, our previous statement suggesting that we would not monitor this chamber was an outright fabrication. Good job. As part of a required test protocol, we will stop enhancing the truth in three, two, static. GLaDOS : Due to mandatory scheduled maintenance, the appropriate chamber for this testing sequence is currently unavailable. It has been replaced with a live-fire course designed for military androids. Cake and grief counseling will be available at the conclusion of the test. GLaDOS : We are pleased that you made it through the final challenge where we pretended we were going to murder you.

We are very, very happy for your success. Archived from the original on June 21, Retrieved June 21, PC Gamer. Archived from the original on August 20, Retrieved August 20, Archived from the original on September 26, Retrieved September 25, Archived from the original on December 13, Retrieved December 13, Retrieved December 16, Random House Digital, Inc. ISBN Archived from the original on January 19, Retrieved October 15, Archived from the original on November 5, Retrieved November 2, Archived from the original on October 10, Retrieved October 10, January 10, Archived from the original on May 9, Retrieved August 25, Archived from the original on May 16, Retrieved March 9, Archived from the original on January 8, Rock Paper Shotgun.

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It was never used, but when Jagger Gravning heard it when he was interviewing us for a profile on Vice Magazine he took us into the studio to record it. The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on April 23, Archived from the original on December 29, Archived from the original on March 8, Archived from the original on March 10, Archived from the original on January 4, Archived from the original on January 21, USA Today.

Archived from the original on October 8, The Final Hours of Portal 2. Also available as iPad or Steam application. Archived from the original on November 30, Retrieved April 15, Archived from the original on April 18, Ziff Davis. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Sociology: The Essentials. Cengage Learning. ISBN Princeton University Press. Retrieved 12 December Although the struggle of matriarchy against other forms is revealed by diverse phenomena, the underlying principle of development is clear.

Matriarchy is followed by patriarchy and preceded by unregulated hetaerism. Indiana University Press. It restated the theories of Bachofen and Morgan but construed the era of ancient matriarchy as a golden age of sorts and described the patriarchal revolution as simultaneous with the evils and benefits of private property and the state. The Science of Religion in Britain, Victorian Literature and Culture Series. University of Virginia Press. As early as , she made note of the evidence of an older stratum of religion--the worship of earth goddesses--lying beneath Olympianism and supplanted it.

Focus on Robert Graves and His Contemporaries. When God was a Woman. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. University of Michigan Press. Marija Gimbutas is indivisibly linked with the study of the prehistoric Goddess. In Susan Frank Parsons ed. The Cambridge Companion to Feminist Theology. Cambridge University Press. Marija Gimbutas unwittingly supplied the fledgling movement with a history, through her analysis of the symbolism of the Goddess in the religion of palaeolithic and neolithic Old Europe. In David A. Leeming; Kathryn Madden; Stanton Marlan eds. Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion. Early Human Kinship was Matrilineal. Allen, H. Callan, R. James eds , Early Human Kinship. From sex to social reproduction. London: Royal Anthropological Institute, pp.

ISSN S2CID The once and future goddess : a symbol for our time. OCLC A little bit of goddess : an introduction to the divine feminine. New York. There continues to be significant debate about whether or not ancient matriarchies actually existed. But there can be no question that the possibility of their existence has inspired feminist thought and action for over a hundred years, providing a new and potentially revolutionary angle on human history.

Random House Digital, Inc. Beacon Press. Feminist Theology. Categories : Matriarchy Feminist spirituality Gender and religion. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April NPOV disputes from April All NPOV disputes All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

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