Summary Of Cigarette Smoking

Friday, November 26, 2021 6:37:29 AM

Summary Of Cigarette Smoking



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This outbreak seems to have been caused by people vaping the cannabis derivative tetrahydrocannabinol THC oil and vitamin E acetate. There has been no similar lung disease outbreak in England, although the MHRA has received reports of 4 deaths through the Yellow Card Scheme where vaping was suspected to be implicated 2 before the implementation of TRPR and 2 more recently. However, the connection with nicotine-containing vaping products has not yet been established. There are also 2 published serious cases of respiratory illness that have been linked to vaping. Violations of the age of sale law for nicotine-containing vaping products and for cigarettes and the use of social media to promote vaping products are being reported.

The Advertising Standards Authority recently upheld some complaints where the marketing of vaping products had violated the UK Advertising Code. Most mental health trusts in England allow vaping but there are inconsistencies in policy and practice. The report of the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee enquiry on e-cigarettes recommended that NHS England produce guidance on vaping in mental health trusts, which is still outstanding. Since non-nicotine vaping products are less stringently regulated than nicotine-containing products, they may need to be reviewed alongside the forthcoming review of nicotine vaping regulations.

The spate of lung injuries and deaths in the US is not attributable to the regulated nicotine vaping products currently sold in England. But all suspected adverse reactions or suspected deaths need to be assessed. The conclusions of our previous reports are still important messages for preventing harm. These can be broadly summarised as follows:. We have used data from 6 nationally representative surveys to examine the prevalence and characteristics of vaping in England. We have also screened the international academic literature for studies published between November and October that report vaping prevalence.

We have conducted 2 systematic reviews of the published academic literature that identify the evidence on vaping among people with a mental health condition and on vaping in pregnancy. Older children are more likely to vape. Current vaping is mainly concentrated in young people who have experience of smoking. Just over a third of 11 to year-olds thought it was OK to try vaping and just under a quarter thought it was OK to vape once a week. Tank models, which are reusable and rechargeable kits that users can refill with liquid, remain the most popular vaping device type used by young people. But many also reported buying vaping products from other people, shops and the internet. Comparisons across countries are hampered by inconsistent questions and survey methods.

One survey that compared vaping among 16 to year-olds from to , using consistent methods, found lower levels of vaping in England compared to Canada and the US. Vaping and smoking prevalence among young people in England should continue to be closely monitored. Questions on flavour preferences and reasons for vaping among young people should be added to large nationally representative surveys. Vaping prevalence is highest among people in more disadvantaged socio-economic groups, reflecting their higher levels of smoking.

Perceptions of harm from vaping among smokers are increasingly out of line with the evidence. These misperceptions are particularly common among smokers who do not vape. Vapers said that banning flavoured liquids would deter them from using vaping products to help them quit or reduce their smoking. It could also push current vapers towards illicit products.

Similar to previous years, data from stop smoking services in England suggests that when a vaping product is used in a quit attempt, either alone or with licensed medication, success rates are comparable to, if not higher than, licensed medication alone. Where international information is available, adult vaping prevalence in England appears to be higher than in other countries. Increasingly incorrect perceptions among the public about the harms of vaping could prevent some smokers using vaping products to quit smoking. A ban on flavoured liquids could have adverse effects and unintended consequences for smokers using vaping products to quit. It should only be considered with caution.

In our systematic review, we did not identify any vaping prevalence studies from England, so we are unable to report on rates of vaping among people with mental health conditions in England, or in other parts of the UK. We identified 17 studies that reported vaping prevalence in people with mental health conditions outside the UK. Definitions of current vaping varied across studies, for example, any use in the past 30 days or use every day, on some days or rarely. So, the findings and any comparisons between studies should be treated with caution. Rates ranged from 0. Examples of introduction for dissertation.

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