The Harry Potter Series Analysis

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The Harry Potter Series Analysis



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The Evolution of the Harry Potter Movies (Full Series Critical Review)

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Summary of Literature Based on the substantial amount of literature available on adolescent friendships, several themes appear to be consistent. Building on Berndt's idea that the majority of social interactions in early adolescence are between close friends and peers, and these friendships tend to be. In other words, this study will determine the extent to which homophily plays a role in the friendship ties among students in Hogwarts by examining the interactions occurring between friends who are similar in terms of race, gender and organization.

For the purpose of this study, race will consist of purebloods, or individuals belonging to a genealogy that consists of no "muggles," or humans, and non-purebloods, which constitutes individuals who have mixed parentage. By combining Berndts' ideas with Shrum, Cheek, and Hunter's findings that young adolescents are more likely to spend time with members of the same sex and same race, it is expected that this study will confirm the theory that young adolescents interact primarily with friends who are similar to them, especially in terms of race and gender.

A second objective of this study is to determine how much power and influence the character, and actor, Harry Potter has in his network of friends. The actor Harry Potter is also expected to have the most connections in the network. The final and most important objective of this study is to test social network procedures on the friendship networks present in Hogwarts, in order to set the stage for further sociological analysis of literature. Using friendship ties as the relations linking the students the actors of Hogwarts the network to one another, particular emphasis will be placed on homophily, connectedness, network size, and distance between actors.

Although there is a great deal of literature available on the subject of adolescent friendship, many studies highlight inconsistencies in similar studies. Also, weaknesses appear in the methodological procedures used. There is a great deal of research available on cliques and group level analysis, but literature. The aim of this research is to bridge the world of fantasy that children find so compelling and highlight the similarities that exist between actual adolescent friendship networks and the social networks in the fictional setting of Hogwarts.

Methods The data collection process of this study involved unique procedures. Two networks were examined, and the actors in the networks were students at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Because the two networks examined did not consist of people or organizations, but characters in literature, the samples were chosen based on the characters' relevance to the story. In other words, characters were picked as actors according to the amount of information that was available in the series about the character, and whether or not they were featured frequently enough to be considered key actors. To begin collecting data, a pool of potential actors was devised.

A list of actors for the entire network of Hogwarts could not be determined, because no complete list of characters is provided within the book. Hogwarts consists of seven grades, grades one through seven, but the number of students within each grade is not specified. The data collection process, therefore, involved identifying a pool of actors to be examined, based on their relevance in the series. For the first set of data, or Network A, an actor was classified as relevant and included if he or she was mentioned throughout the series, beginning with the first book.

A preliminary list of actors was drawn up by examining each character who was named in the first book during the sorting ceremony at Hogwarts. The sorting ceremony. From this pool of actors, relevance was determined based on which characters went on to be featured regularly in consecutive books. Any character who did not appear in each story was considered to lack sufficient information for further analysis and was excluded from the list of actors.

In order to determine which characters were mentioned frequently enough to be included, the online source Wikipedia was used. Although Wikipedia is not an academic source, it provided basic information on each of the characters, including which books featured particular characters, which houses they belonged to, etc. Wikipedia featured an alphabetical list of all the characters mentioned in the Harry Potter series, and by searching the list, information could be found in sufficient detail about each actor. The next step in the data collection process was to identify the relational ties between actors in the Hogwarts network. With few exceptions, the actors who are identified in the series are mentioned in relation to Harry Potter, and the vast majority of characters with regular mentions are in the same grade with him.

For this reason, all actors chosen were in the same grade as Harry Potter. In the six books that follow, Harry Potter ages one year, and advances one grade. All students in the series belong to one of four houses, which is determined in the Sorting Ceremony in the first year at Hogwarts. The four houses are Gryffindor, Hufflepuff, Ravenclaw, and Slytherin. Rowling identifies twenty-three characters during the Sorting Ceremony for Harry's grade in Book One, but only sixteen characters play an active role in the series in the first four books Rowling These sixteen characters are the actors comprising the first data set, and the relations linking these actors are ties of friendship.

An actor was classified as a friend, and a tie was formed when actor A spent time outside classes, engaged in conversation, shared leisure time, or otherwise interacted in an intimate setting, with actor B. Being members of the same house or sharing classes together was not considered sufficient grounds for a friendship tie. It should be noted that this measure of friendship ties allowed for friendships to exist inside as well as outside houses. However, due to the structure of Hogwarts, there are considerably more opportunities for members of the same house, or inter-house members, to interact than members outside of houses, or extra-house members. Members of the same houses eat lunch together, share a common room, and attend classes together.

Two networks were examined in this study. During the preliminary stages of research, it was observed that friendship patterns change throughout the series, which is to be expected as the characters age. The first network, Network A, therefore, consisted of actors who played a prominent role throughout the series, and were friends before the formation of Dumbledore's Army. Network A also represented early adolescence, as the actors in this network were between the ages of eleven and fifteen in the first four books. These characters go on to be featured regularly in the series, so they were included in Network B. The two friendship networks consisted of symmetric, undirected ties and a binary scale of measurement.

To measure friendship ties between nodes, the presence or absence of friendship ties was determined. All ties of friendship were symmetric and undirected. In other words, if actor A considered B to be a friend, B also considered A to be a friend. The network size for the first data set, friends before Dumbledore's Army, or Network A, was found to be sixteen by performing a simple count of nodes.

The network diameter was found by running the Ucinet procedure for identifying geodesic distances. Geodesic distances refer to the shortest possible path from one actor to another, usually resulting in the most efficient connections between actors. The diameter of the network was the furthest distance between actors, and in the case of friendship ties before Dumbledore's Army, the number was two.

The second network, or Network B, was comprised of all of the actors present in the first network, with the addition of six actors who were not featured until Book 5. The network size of the friends after the formation of Dumbledore's Army was twenty-two. The diameter of this network was one. The change in the diameter between the first network and the second can be attributed to the removal of steps between actors when more friendships were formed due to the actors' involvement in Dumbledore's Army.

These results will be further explored and discussed in the Analysis and Results section of this study. Analysis and Results In order to analyze the two friendship networks at Hogwarts, basic network properties of connection and distance were first examined. A total of four measures were used relating to. To determine the size of Network A and Network B, a simple count of nodes was performed. The total number of nodes for Network A was sixteen. This means that a total of sixteen ties were possible, since the network is symmetric. It is important to establish a count of ties in order to determine the networks' density.

The total number of nodes for network B was twenty-two, and the total number of ties, therefore, was twenty-two. The difference in sizes between networks A and B is important because as the number of nodes increases, so does the number of potential relationships. This generally means that the level of complexity increases as the size of a network increases. Figures 1a and 1b show the differences in network structure before the formation of Dumbledore's Army and after.

Actor degree can be defined as a count of ties linking a node to other nodes, where the highest possible value is k Actor degree is useful in determining how connected an individual is in relation to the overall social structure. However, if we compare Network A to Network B, we see that the actor degree changes significantly: actors , i. These results are not surprising, because with the formation of Dumbledore's Army, friendships that did not exist initially within the houses of Gryffindor, Hufflepuff, and Ravenclaw, sprang. It therefore follows that these actors would become more connected with one another.

Density is the proportion of ties present to the total number of ties. Density is an important trait to examine, because generally the denser a network is, the greater the mobilization of resources and spread of information. The density of Network A was found to be. As would be expected, the density increased for Network B, which had a density of. The final measure conducted for connection was reachability. Reachability can be defined as the set of connections or links that exist between actors, even if those actors are not adjacent or directly connected.

In a symmetric network, if actors are not reachable, the network can become divided and sub-populations can form. A division was encountered in this study: a major rift existed between the actors belonging to the Slytherin house, and all other actors. For Network A, the actors Brown and Patil are not reachable to any other actors, and gaps exist between actors within the house of Gryffindor. The results from the Reachability measure lead us to the conclusion that the friendship ties that sprung up due to the formation of Dumbledore's Army led to a cohesion in the friendship network, further resulting in direct paths being formed between all actors in that group.

Therefore, due to the high level of connection between members of Dumbledore's Army, we would expect the flow of information and mobilization of resources to be high. Indeed, a. Results The first objective of this study was to identify the presence of homophilous friendship ties by determining if young adolescents interact predominantly with friends who are similar in terms of race and gender.

Organizational association, or association with house-members, was also examined. The methods used to test this procedure were fairly straight-forward. To test the hypothesis, external group ties and internal group ties were measured by running the E-I Index procedure on Ucinet. Race was measured by coding individuals with a pure-blood status as one, and individuals without a pure-blood status as zero. E-I Index was used to measure the percentage of ties being sent outward and the percentage remaining internal. For gender, the re-scaled E-I Index was found to be -. The negative value shows a weak tendency for internal ties. However, when the same procedure was run for Network B, the E-I index was found to be.

Tables 3a and 3b show which actors have the highest and lowest internal and external ties. To further investigate gender homophily, observations were performed by simply examining the network structure of friendship ties for Network A compared to Network B. The friends in Network A consisted of a total of six females and ten males. The node Herminone Granger had a total of three ties, all of which were connected to males. The node Hannah Abbott had two ties, both of which were connected to boys. Both Milicent Bulstrode and Pansy Parkinson had four ties, three of which were to boys, and one of which was to a girl. The nodes Lavender Brown and Parvati Patil stood out: not only do they constitute a sub-division in the network, but they are tied to only each other, showing them as isolates from the rest of the network.

In the case of Network A, it does not appear that females show a tendency towards friendship with members of the same sex. However, when the boys in the network were examined, there was a considerable difference. The actors Dean Thomas and Seamus Finnigan each had three ties, all of which were directed at males. Ron Weasley had a total of five ties, four of which were directed at males. The actor with the most ties, Harry Potter, had a total of seven ties, and six of these seven ties were directed towards males. Although there was a disproportionate ratio of males to females, it is clear that within Network A, there was a discrepancy between males' tendency to be-friend other boys, and girls' tendencies to befriend other females.

These findings are therefore partially inconsistent with Shrum, Cheek, and Hunter's observations that gender homophily is strong among young adolescents: although males showed a strong tendency for gender homophily, females did not. Shrum, Cheek, and Hunter found females to be much more likely to associate with same-sex friends beginning in early adolescence, and the reverse appears to be true for females at Hogwarts. Finally, to measure racial homophily, the E-I Index was run using the blood status attribute vector.

The results from this test showed a re-scaled index of -. This means that, within Network A, ties of friendship were more likely to be to people of the same race in this case, pure-blood or non-pure-blood , but only slightly. These results changed significantly for Network B, which showed a strong tendency towards internal ties. This is consistent with Shrum, Cheek, and Hunter's claims that racial homophily increases with age. The idea behind closeness centrality is that actors who are closer to others have greater power. Betweenness centrality is the idea that actors who serve as intermediaries between other actors have the most power.

The weakest actors were Parvati Patil and Lavender Brown. The change from Network A to Network B can be attributed to the decreased distance between. In other words, all actors were at an equal distance from one another, so no one actor had a greater amount of power. WarnerMedia will give cross-platform runs to several HBO Max shows — including a quiz show for Harry Potter superfans — as part of a family programming block on Cartoon Network. Batman: Caped Crusader , which was already slated for a run on both platforms, will also be part of the block. Warner Bros. Global Kids, Young Adults and Classics. The programming block will kick off at 6 p. The four-episode series is set to premiere later in the year and will feature Potterheads testing their knowledge of the Wizarding World.

The show comes from Warner Bros. Unscripted Television and Warner Horizon. The animated musical follows the Family Matters character who tries to put things right after humiliating a mall Santa — but of course ends up making things worse.

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