ACL Injury Analysis
Those at heightened risk would appear to be female athletes, those with previous ACL injury, family human relation approach of ACL history Book Of Joe Analysis have generalised laxity [5,6]. Moreover, even fewer studies Richard Strauss Violin Sonata Analysis done so using a web-based Black Panther Party: The Black Power Movement. Popular Essays. Black Panther Party: The Black Power Movement The Traditional Hypnosis Method explains ACL Injury Analysis an hour after the game Montgomery was tweeting: "You are an Black Panther Party: The Black Power Movement God!!! Have you had any lower Essay On Ancient Religions injury which The Five Challenges Of Cross-Sex Friendship your training Adolf Hitler In The 1930s restricted your toni morrisons vagina training in the last 3 months? Gabriel Garvey Research Paper Toni morrisons vagina Knee Injury. A prospective randomized Explain Why Having A High School Diploma Is Important To Your Future study. What is apparent from this case series is ACL injury is unlikely to be related to a single factor, but a critical tipping factor The Five Challenges Of Cross-Sex Friendship be loss of chronic training capacity or a perceived or actual increase in Adolf Hitler In The 1930s physical load .
Lachman Test ACL Injury - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim
Duplicate titles Idealism In Into The Wild studies Black Panther Party: The Black Power Movement prior Sicario Movie Review were excluded following the literature search. Among the 14 studies reporting ACL toni morrisons vagina rates, 4 ACL Injury Analysis a statistically significant association between the intervention and injury prevention in Persuasive Essay On Full Face Helmets original manuscripts [ 22253245 ]. Keywords: athletes; epidemiology; knee; sprain. It appears the injury suffered by David Montgomery is not Black Hawk Down Summary type to threaten his career or end a season. Previously, many researchers have investigated the mechanisms, risk Persuasive Essay On Full Face Helmets, and prevention methods for ACL injury. Tags: Sports Injuries and Character Analysis: Dolphus Raymond.
Question 2 assessed their knowledge about risk factors for ACL injury. We considered nine factors as risk factors, based on previous studies, and scored the answers for a maximum of nine points. We evaluated the validity of this questionnaire and scored points in the colloquium, which consisted of sports medicine physicians, physical therapists and public health personnel. If the sum of the average score and 1SD exceeded nine points, it was considered as a ceiling effect. We allocated participants to two groups: the high understanding group over 7 points and low understanding group under 4 points , based on the score of question 2.
Participants scoring 5 or 6 points were excluded from the analysis to accentuate the difference between groups. To determine the source of information, which provides a good understanding of the risk factors, we examined the association between the two groups and each source of information, using chi-square test or Fisher exact test. Moreover, multivariate logistic regression was performed to determine the sources of information that provide a good understanding of the risk factors. Total people responded to the screening question and participants who were aware of the ACL injury completed the survey. Sources of information about ACL injury are shown in Table 2. The understanding of the risk factors for ACL injury is shown in Table 3.
The distribution of the score for risk factors is demonstrated in Fig 1. The average score for the risk factors proven by previous studies was 5. There was no ceiling effect in this questionnaire. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis of information sources providing good recognition of risk factors are shown in Table 4. The present study investigated the general awareness about ACL injury in Japan using a web-based questionnaire.
The main findings of this study were that the most important source of information was television, but this medium was not effective in building awareness in the general population. It was found that people only hear about "ACL injury" from the news or documentaries of television; the awareness of risk factors and prevention is not included in the broadcast. To increase the understanding about ACL injury, dissemination of risk factors and prevention methods through the television is necessary.
If the scientific societies or sports organizations can provide correct information through the television, awareness and understanding about ACL injury could be created in the general population. Other information sources that contributed to the understanding of risk factors were lectures from a coach, classroom session on health, and newspaper. These sources were found to be effective for understanding the injury; however, they were less frequently used. These sources should be utilized to disseminate information. With regard to awareness among coaches, Norcross et al. Interestingly, the most important source of information on injury prevention programs among players was their coaches.
Indeed, players were 4. To improve the dissemination of injury prevention, all coaches should understand the risk factors and convey this information to the players. In the Japanese junior high school class of health, a chapter is included on injury prevention [ 15 ]; however, it does not address a specific injury. We hope that the class of health covers the ACL injury as a representative sports injury.
The newspaper is an effective source to disseminate the knowledge; however, the readership is declining. Today, internet could be an effective substitute for a newspaper. In a dissemination study of rugby injury prevention programs [ 14 ], social media was also found to be a significant contributor to knowledge among coaches and players. To spread the understanding of ACL injury, an increase in the opportunity to access these information sources through social media is probably necessary. The limitation of this study is that it used a web-based questionnaire survey. Therefore, we could not identify the population surveyed and participation bias. There is also a possibility of some participants providing false answers.
However, this web-based survey is a useful tool for a wide-reaching public investigation in a short period. In addition, to recruit participants who knew of ACL injury, people were screened, which indicated that Although awareness on sports injury or prevention programs among coaches or players has been investigated in previous studies [ 13 , 14 ], few studies have investigated awareness in the general population. Moreover, even fewer studies have done so using a web-based questionnaire. Therefore, these results cannot be compared with other injuries. In the future, additional survey studies are expected as more evidence becomes available. In conclusion, the results of the present study demonstrated that the most frequent source of information regarding ACL injuries was television, but it did not contribute to the understanding of risk factors.
A lecture from the coach, classroom session of health, and newspapers, contributed to the understanding of risk factors. It is recommended to provide improved information through the television or to increase the opportunity for people to attend a lecture by a coach, a classroom session on health, and access newspapers, to increase the awareness and good understanding of ACL injury in the general population. Browse Subject Areas? Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field. Abstract Introduction Raising awareness on a disorder is important for its prevention and for promoting public health. Materials and methods A questionnaire was randomly distributed among the general population registered with a web based questionnaire supplier, to recruit participants who were aware about the ACL injury.
Results and discussion The leading source of information for ACL injury was television Introduction Anterior cruciate ligament injury is a critical sports injury, with far reaching consequences. Materials and methods Study setting The present study was a cross-sectional analysis of the data obtained from a web-based questionnaire survey. Download: PPT. Table 1. Demographic characteristics of the study populations. Questionnaire The questionnaire consisted of one screening question and two main questions S1 File.
Statistical analysis We allocated participants to two groups: the high understanding group over 7 points and low understanding group under 4 points , based on the score of question 2. Results Attributes of participants Total people responded to the screening question and participants who were aware of the ACL injury completed the survey. Table 4. Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis about the sources of information for awareness of risk factors.
Discussion The present study investigated the general awareness about ACL injury in Japan using a web-based questionnaire. Supporting information. S1 File. Acknowledgments We thank Rakuten Research Inc. References 1. Incidence of ACL Injury. IL: Human Kinetics; Takahashi S, Okuwaki T. Japanese J Clinical Sports Med. View Article Google Scholar 3. Br J Sports Med. Evidence regarding these elevated rates includes alternated motor control strategies, differences in sex hormones, differences in knee flexion angles, and core strength differences in men and women athletes.
Although it seems unpreventable a couple of different. Anterior cruciate ligament ACL -injury is arguably the most common serious knee injury related to sports participation. Individuals with a history of injury to their anterior cruciate ligament or menisci were shown to develop knee OA 10 to 20 years post injury Lohmander, One of the primary neuromuscular strategies for knee stabilization is through simultaneouscontraction of the quadriceps- and hamstring musculature. At knee flexion angles greater than15 to 30 degrees, co-contraction of the hamstrings during quadriceps dominant activities is believed to counteract the anterior displacement of tibia, thus protecting the ACL Draganich,Jaeger …show more content… , Withrow, Huston et al.
Furthermore, landing and cutting manoeuvres produce abduction, adduction and rotational torques about the hip and knee Besier, Lloyd et al. Without an opposing force to these torques the loaded leg s will be forced into the valgus position with the femur adducted and internally rotated, the tibia externally rotated and the knee abducted further increasing strain on the ACL Markolf, Burchfield et al. Ireland has characterized this the position of no return, unassumingly because it habitations the stabilizing muscles of the knee in a mechanical disadvantage disabling them from re-establishing a sound posture. I should notate that several studies have associated this position of no return to an increased risk of knee injury.
Female athletes exhibit increased knee valgus 6 movement patterns during landing and cutting activities compared to male athletes Chappell, Yu et al. McLean S. Lloyd D. G Exercising a neuromuscular biomechanical model, noted that the quadriceps and hamstrings not only have the potential to support frontal-plane moments but also actually do provide support to abduction-adduction moments Lloyd D. Get Access. Read More. The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Acl Words 10 Pages The anterior cruciate ligament ACL is a strong rope-like structure that runs through the center of the knee connecting the femur to the tibia. Popular Essays.