Causes And Effects Of Reconstruction

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Causes And Effects Of Reconstruction



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How Post Civil War Reconstruction Failed Black People

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The power of the state governments allowed the continuation of white supremacy and discrimination; the state governments controlled education, transportation and law enforcement. As a result, enfranchisement did not bring greater equality to the black community in America. However, external events such as the two World Wars and the Great Depression encouraged greater equality between blacks and whites. Andrew Johnson, who became President of the U. According to his plan, pardons would be offered to all southern whites except wealthy Confederate supporters and the main Confederate leaders. Conventions were to be held by the defeated southern states and new state governments were to be formed.

These new governments had to make a vow of loyalty to the nation and abolish slavery in order to rejoin the Union. This occurred as the other, more industrial, interests of the broad based party dominated their platform; leaving the blacks to face the wrath of the Southerners. A final blow to the hopes for national protection of African American civil rights was dealt with The Force Bill of In this bill, the Senate objected to the idea of The Supreme Court successfully chipped away at any progress made by the Republicans. Rulings made in the later half of the 19th Century reduced the scope of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, and lead to the further subordination of the Black race by Southern State governments.

In conclusion, Reconstruction failed for the freedmen for a variety of reasons. I believe the main reason for this failure was the inability for the two political parties to agree on what they wanted to achieve. I feel that it is very unfortunate that President Lincoln was killed so shortly after the end of the Civil War. Johnson then once again gave the Southern states freedom to run their state governments. This became more and more evident, as the Black Codes began to form in the South. These were the many laws confining the African Americans to what some thought to be slavery except in name.

In , when Johnson declared reconstruction to be over, many Republicans, appalled at this, took action by refusing to seat Southerners that had recently been elected into Congress. The Reconstruction-era was crucial to the development of freedmen and of the social structure in the south; however the Republicans were not successful in all aspects.

There were various factors that impeded the success of guaranteed rights to freedmen and to a functional social structure that people in the south would comply with. There were amendments, black codes, reconstruction acts, racial organizations, and many more difficulties that denied freedmen their rights and a working social structure for the southerners. After the Civil War was over and the Reconstruction-era began, changes were made such as the 13th amendment in , which forbid slavery in the United States. Even though slavery was now prohibited, freed blacks were now left alone to struggle finding simple things like a roof to live in and a job to work for.

This would prove to be the sucker punch to their futures and any equal rights they needed. While the main objective of the civil war was to bring the southern states to the heel and effectively end all forms of slavery in the south, it still continued in one form or another, for a hundred more years. But reconstruction did provide a panacea of sorts to both the northern states and the southern states though in all fairness it would be another fifty years and the start of the Great War that managed to unite them both again. It is worthwhile to examine the positive and negative impacts of reconstruction closely. End of slavery: With the end of the civil war, the US Congress ratified the thirteenth amendment which in effect, eradicated slavery in all forms from mainland US.

And in a sense, the objective was won when the amendment came into force immediately. As per the amendment, plantation owners and others cannot own another person or utilize services for no payment or restitution. This amendment did provide relief to many African Americans who were often harshly treated and fed little while being overworked at the same time. Right to vote: For the first time, African Americans were recognized as free citizens and were enfranchised; in effect, they gained the right to vote with the passing of the fifteenth amendment. It should be pointed out that women had to wait for 50 years before they became emancipated and gained the right to vote. Apart from this, this bill also ensured that African Americans had the right to stand for public office as well.

This gave them a belief in the constitution and in effect, paved the way for their civil rights and liberties. Abolitions saw the depletion of slavery as a necessary step in order to secure the future of their nation, for the Declaration of Independence even condemned it Foner Viewing it as an unparalleled evil, a new wave of reforms in the. As the notion of emancipation became more widely discussed by politicians during the abolitionist movement tensions between the North and the South rose.

The idea that the nation could eradicate the lifeblood of the southern plantations was deemed unacceptable and the southern states felt helpless. The Civil War is a big part of our nation today. It helped us understand that everyone should be treated equal. Abraham Lincoln was president during this time and he launched the anti-slavery movement against the southern states which was during the s.

The civil war brought down slavery which was a big part of the United States back then. The northern part of America did not like the ways the south had and treated slaves. He believed the success of the South depended on it. People began to fear slave uprisings. The slavery issue seemed to divide the North and South to the point of Civil War. The South felt economically dependent on slavery. It enjoyed having a free labor system. They eventually created a compromise the popular sovereignty , which allowed the people of the state to determine if their state would be a slave state. Basically giving the people the power, as a democracy would, to choose if they wanted to have their state with slavery being acceptable or not acceptable.

This was caused by Manifest Destiny. In conclusion Manifest Destiny did indeed have an affect on the tension rising between both the slave and free states. Reconstruction was an attempt reconcile the country and bring it back together, however it was not the success Abraham had hoped it to be when initiated before being assassinated. The failure had many effects on African American communities in both the north on the south both negative and positive. Socially black slaves were freed but not really accepted into society.

Black codes were utilized which placed pressure on African Americans about things like when to meet with friends and where they should live. Discrimination against black flourished as the Ku Klux Klan a group of people who wore robes and mask went around pretending to be the ghost of Confederate soldiers. Other groups supported the Reconstruction such as Freedmen, African Americans who were freed during the war, and Carpetbaggers, people who went south to help the reconstruction in the south.

There was much tension in the Reconstruction. The north killed Reconstruction in the south because the government frauds took away all President. The only losers in this case were the former slave owners, as Johnson punished them by taking away their land.

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