Psychology Psychodynamic Approach

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Psychology Psychodynamic Approach

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Approaches in Psychology:Psychodynamic

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In psychology, theories are used to provide a model for understanding and predicting various aspects of human thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Research methods are procedures for collecting and analyzing data. Learn about the different research methods used in psychology. Statistics is the discipline that concerns the organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. Academic skills are made up of core skills, such as academic writing, presentation skills and APA style referencing. Approaches The five major approaches sometimes called perspectives in psychology are biological, psychodynamic, behaviorist, cognitive and humanistic. Theories Studies In psychology, theories are used to provide a model for understanding and predicting various aspects of human thoughts, emotions, and behaviors.

Research Methods Research methods are procedures for collecting and analyzing data. Statistics Statistics is the discipline that concerns the organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. Academic Skills Academic skills are made up of core skills, such as academic writing, presentation skills and APA style referencing. Electroencephalogram EEG. Published June McGurk Effect. What Is Serotonin? The 5 Major Classes of Antidepressants. Blooms Taxonomy. Published May In psychotherapy, people are able to feel safe as they explore feelings, desires, memories, and stressors that can lead to psychological difficulties.

Research has demonstrated that the self-examination utilized in the psychoanalytic process can contribute to long-term emotional growth. Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis, but other thinkers—including his own daughter Anna Freud —also left a significant mark on the field. Psychoanalysis also involves a number of different terms and ideas related to the mind, personality, and treatment. A case study is defined as an in-depth study of one person, group, or event. These cases had a powerful influence on the development of his psychoanalytic theory. In a case study, the researcher attempts to intensely examine every aspect of an individual's life. By closely studying a person, a researcher can gain insight into how an individual's history contributes to their current behavior.

Although the hope is that the insights gained from a single case study could apply to others, it is difficult to generalize the results, because case studies tend to be highly subjective. In some instances, the factors involved in a particular case are so individualized that they may not apply to others. The unconscious mind includes all of the things that are outside of our conscious awareness, such as early childhood memories, secret desires, and hidden drives. According to Freud, the unconscious contains things that we might consider to be unpleasant or even socially unacceptable. We bury these things in our unconscious because they might bring us pain or conflict. While these thoughts, memories, and urges are outside of our awareness, they still influence how we think and behave.

In some cases, the things that are outside of our awareness can influence behavior in negative ways and lead to psychological distress. The conscious mind, on the other hand, includes everything that is inside of our awareness. The contents of the conscious mind are the things we are aware of or can easily bring into awareness. Freud believed that an individual's personality had three components: the id, the ego, and the superego.

The first of the key elements of personality to emerge is known as the id. The id contains all of the unconscious, basic, and primal urges. The second aspect of personality to emerge is known as the ego. This is the part of the personality that must deal with the demands of reality. It helps control the urges of the id and makes us behave in ways that are both realistic and acceptable. Rather than engaging in behaviors that are designed to satisfy our desires and needs, the ego forces us to fulfill our needs in ways that are socially acceptable and realistic. In addition to controlling the demands of the id, the ego also helps strike a balance between our basic urges, our ideals, and reality.

The superego is the final aspect of personality to emerge, and it contains our ideals and values. The values and beliefs that our parents and society instill in us are the guiding force of the superego and it strives to make us behave according to these morals. Defense mechanisms are strategies that the ego uses to protect itself from anxiety. These defensive tools act as a safeguard to keep unpleasant or distressing aspects of the unconscious from entering our awareness.

When something is experienced as overwhelming or even inappropriate, defense mechanisms keep the information from entering our consciousness, which minimizes our distress. Over the course of the early twentieth century, the influence of psychoanalysis grew. It was not, however, without its critics. Despite its flaws, psychoanalysis continued to play a key role in the development of psychology. It influenced our approach to treating mental health conditions and continues to exert an influence on psychology today. Many people are skeptical of psychoanalysis because the evidence supporting its effectiveness has often been viewed as weak.

One of the main arguments by those who are critical of psychoanalysis is that it's not as effective as other treatments. However, some of the research on the effectiveness of psychoanalysis has yielded support. One systematic review of previous studies concluded that psychoanalytic therapy was an effective treatment that resulted in the reduction of symptoms and long-term changes that persisted for years after treatment ended. A review found that psychodynamic therapy could be effective in the treatment of a number of conditions include:. Another critique is that psychoanalysis often requires an investment of time, money, and effort. Psychoanalysis is also generally a long-term proposition. In the world we live in today, people are usually seeking fast results and approaches that yield an effect in days, weeks, or months.

Psychoanalytic therapy typically involves a client and therapist exploring issues over a period of years. Using the criteria established for evidence-based treatment, traditional psychoanalysis alone does not, in fact, pass muster as a method of therapy for the large majority of psychological disorders. Many of Freud's ideas have fallen out of favor in psychology, but that certainly does not mean that his work is without merit. Research also supports at least some of Freud's original ideas. His approach to therapy specifically, the suggestion that mental illness was treatable and that talking about problems could bring relief was a revolutionary concept that changed how we approach the treatment of mental illness.

Sigmund Freud was also very much a product of his time. While he was known for his audacious theories which were considered especially shocking in the Victorian period , his view of the world was colored by the time in which he lived. CiteSeerX The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis. S2CID The British Journal of Psychiatry. Psychodynamic Psychiatry. Harvard Review of Psychiatry. Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials". Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. January The American Journal of Psychiatry.

American Journal of Psychiatry. History Philosophy Portal Psychologist. Animal testing Archival research Behavior epigenetics Case study Content analysis Experiments Human subject research Interviews Neuroimaging Observation Psychophysics Qualitative research Quantitative research Self-report inventory Statistical surveys. Watson — Clark L. Skinner — Donald O. Miller — Jerome Bruner — Donald T. Campbell — Hans Eysenck — Herbert A. Nisbett b. Taylor b. Kessler b. LeDoux b. Psychotherapy list. Psychoanalysis Adlerian therapy Analytical therapy Mentalization-based treatment Transference focused psychotherapy. Clinical behavior analysis Acceptance and commitment therapy Functional analytic psychotherapy Cognitive behavioral therapy Cognitive therapy Dialectical behavior therapy Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy Rational emotive behavior therapy.

Emotionally focused therapy Existential therapy Focusing Gestalt therapy Logotherapy Person-centered therapy. Eclectic psychotherapy Integrative psychotherapy Multimodal therapy Transtheoretical model. Clinical formulation Clinical pluralism Common factors theory Discontinuation History Practitioner—scholar model.

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