Siddhartha Gautamas Buddhism

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Siddhartha Gautamas Buddhism



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His father, hoping to steer Siddhartha in the direction of the throne, shielded him from religion of any kind and sheltered him from seeing human hardship and suffering. As such, he was raised in the lap of luxury and blissful ignorance where he knew nothing about aging, disease, or death. Siddhartha is said to have remained living in the palace until the age of 29 when everything changed. According to the story, one day Siddhartha travelled outside of the palace gates and he was deeply disturbed by the sight of an old man. His charioteer Channa explained to Siddhartha that all people grow old and that death is an integral part of life. This prompted Siddhartha to secretly venture outside the palace on more trips.

Outside the gates on these trips he encountered a sick man, a decaying corpse, and a homeless, holy man also known as an ascetic. Channa told Siddhartha ascetics give up their material possessions and forgo physical pleasures for a higher, spiritual purpose. After witnessing the reality of human hardship and suffering, Siddhartha had no interest in living at the palace. He left his wife and child to discover the true meaning of life, first through living as a traveling beggar, like the ascetics he saw on the streets.

Siddhartha first went to the city of Rajagaha and began begging on the streets to survive. He rejected it but promised to come back and visit once he attained enlightenment. When he left Rajagaha, he met a hermit Brahmin saint named Alara Kalama. There is no difference between us. Stay here and take my place and teach my students with me. Once again, he achieved high levels of meditative consciousness and was asked to succeed his teacher.

Siddhartha refused the offer and moved on. It had been six years, and he had eaten very little and fasted until he was weak. After starving himself for days, Siddhartha famously accepted milk and rice pudding from a village girl named Sujata. He was so emaciated, she thought he was a spirit there to grant her a wish. Siddhartha, after having this meal, decided against living a life of extreme self-denial since his spiritual goals were not being met. He instead opted to follow a path of balance, known in Buddhism as the Middle Way.

At this turning point, his five followers believed he was giving up and abandoned him. Soon after he started meditating under a fig tree now called the Bodhi tree and committed himself to staying there until he had found enlightenment. He meditated for six days and nights and reached enlightenment on the full moon morning of May, a week before he turned thirty-five.

At the time of his enlightenment he gained complete insight into the cause of suffering, and the steps necessary to eliminate it. After his awakening, the Buddha met two merchant brothers from the city of Balkh in modern-day Afghanistan. The brothers, Trapusa and Bahalika, offered the Buddha his first meal after enlightenment and they became his first lay disciplines. According to some texts, each brother gave a hair from his head and these became relics enshrined at the Shwe Dagon Temple in Rangoon, Burma. Legend has it that initially Buddha was reluctant to spread his knowledge to others as he was doubtful of whether the common people would understand his teachings. But then the king of gods, Brahma, convinced Buddha to teach, and he set out to do that. The Buddha travelled to Deer Park in northern India, where he set in motion what Buddhists call the Wheel of Dharma by delivering his first sermon to the five companions who had abandoned him earlier.

All five attained nirvana, a state along the path to enlightenment yet not full enlightenment. The sangha traveled through the subcontinent, expounding the dharma. This continued throughout the year, except during the four months of the Vassa rainy season when ascetics of all religions rarely traveled. One reason was that it was more difficult to do so without causing harm to animal life. Although his father ensured that Siddhartha was provided with everything he could want or need, Buddhist scriptures say that the future Buddha felt that material wealth was not life's ultimate goal. At the age of 29 Siddhartha left his palace to meet his subjects. Despite his father's efforts to hide from him the sick, aged and suffering, Siddhartha was said to have seen an old man.

When his charioteer Channa explained to him that all people grew old, the prince went on further trips beyond the palace. On these he encountered a diseased man, a decaying corpse, and an ascetic. These depressed him, and he initially strove to overcome aging, sickness, and death by living the life of an ascetic. King Siddhartha Gautama decided to leave the palace and pursue his calling. So he left the kingdom and searched for several spiritual teachers to learn from them. He practiced under two hermit teachers of yogic meditation After mastering the teachings of Alara Kalama , he was asked by Kalama to succeed him. However, Gautama felt unsatisfied by the practice, and moved on to become a student of yoga with Udaka Ramaputta.

With him he achieved high levels of meditative consciousness, and was again asked to succeed his teacher. But, once more, he was not satisfied, and again moved on. After years of searching and seeking the truth Siddhartha and a group of five companions Kaundinya and his four colleagues led by Kaundinya Kaundinya was a Brahmin who first came to prominence as a youth due to his mastery of the Vedas are then said to have set out to take their austerities even further. They tried to find enlightenment through deprivation of worldly goods, including food, practicing self-mortification Mortification of the flesh is an act by which an individual or group seeks to mortify, or put to death, their sinful nature.

After nearly starving himself to death by restricting his food intake to around a leaf or nut per day, he collapsed in a river while bathing and almost drowned. A village girl named Sujata gave him some madhupayasa a rice pudding now also known as kheer after which Siddhartha got back some energy. The Bhiksus were the monks that taught others the religion of Buddhism. They were a council of people devoted to the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama.

The first meeting of the first council was reported to be after the death of the Buddha. They had three major functions within the council, all functions were on how to function without…. The four noble truth help me understand that life exists in a delicate balance and as humans we must learn to be our own master and strife for what is good rather than the mare pleasures of oneself. The book teaches us as humans to be a follower of truth and avoid every doubt and as well help create an energy of sound mind and emotional stability. As humans, we are taught that perfection is something that can never be achieved but with the wise words of the Buddha we have the power to free ourselves from every bondage and be at peace to what the world has to offer to us as humans.

Why Gautama is called the Buddha a. Read b. Siddhartha Gautama was born around B. His father, King Suddhodana, who was the leader of a large clan called the Shakya. Research Paper Buddhism is a philosophy that millions of people around the world study, as well as, practice in their everyday lives. Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gotama in the late 6th century B. Siddhartha Gotama was born as the prince of India before establishing Buddhism. At the age 29, Siddhartha Gotama realized that wealth and royalty did not guarantee everlasting happiness. He later handed over his robe and began exploring different philosophies and religions during that era to try and seek happiness and enlightenment.

He committed his own life to share world peace. The earliest recorded date of Buddhism was the year B. E, two thousand and five hundred years ago making Buddhism the oldest religion of the world.

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